Josh Wexler and Anne Jordan Blanton, twentysomething graduates of New York University who hope to own a neighborhood bookstore in New Orleans one day, tried to start small by selling books from a sidewalk table. The city said they would need a permit. The city also said they could not get a permit.
It turned out New Orleans had permits for street vendors selling food, flowers, razor blades, shoelaces, candles and pencils -- but not books. And anything that wasn't explicitly permitted was forbidden.
After banging their heads against the bibliophobic bureaucracy for more than a year, Wexler and Blanton challenged the city's bookselling ban in federal court last April. The other day, when U.S. District Judge Stanwood R. Duval Jr. ruled that the ban violated the First Amendment, it was a victory not only for freedom of speech but for the right to pursue a livelihood without arbitrary interference from the government.
Wexler and Blanton came to New Orleans from New York, where they had worked in bookstores and browsed the city's outdoor book stands. They'd heard that you didn't need a permit to sell books on the sidewalk in New York, and they figured it couldn't be much harder in famously tolerant and literary New Orleans.
They were wrong. As an Associated Press reporter it, "The city lets people sip cocktails on the streets, but it does not allow the sale of books on the sidewalks." So Wexler and Blanton, who had amassed hundreds of books but now had nowhere to sell them, turned to the Institute for Justice, a public interest law firm in Washington, D.C., that specializes in defending economic freedom.
"We're not attempting to cause any trouble or get anything special from the government," Blanton told the A.P. "We just want to earn an honest living sharing our love of books."
In response to the lawsuit that the Institute for Justice filed on Wexler and Blanton's behalf, Judge Duval first issued a temporary restraining order that allowed them to start selling books from a table at the corner of Esplanade and Decatur streets. Now he has issued a permanent injunction barring the city from enforcing its ban.
"The First Amendment applies in this case because book selling is a form of expression," Duval wrote. "It has long been settled that the sale or distribution of literature in a public sidewalk is protected speech."