Frank Pastore

It took 18 centuries of Christian thought to produce the Declaration. Many things needed to be worked out, among them the separation of church and state, the divine right of kings, primogeniture, and a theory of natural law and natural right. Once these were established, the institution of slavery needed to be set on a course toward ultimate extinction, which the Founders accomplished in the drafting of the Declaration. We are still overcoming the residue of that deplor-able curse. Yet, the foundation had been laid in “all men are created equal.”

If no God, then no Creator, no natural rights, and no equality. If no Creator, then evolution. If evolution, then all rights are positive rights, expressions of power rather than authority. And, if evolution, then no equality since the differ-ent races evolved separately, and no human exceptionalism – man is but an animal. Meaning, if man were to consider himself on a higher moral plane than the brutes, he would be guilty of the highest form of racism: speciesism.

Ultimately, rights come from either God or Government. If rights come from God, then government is under God, since it is the role of government to secure those rights. But, if government is the source of rights, then what is granted can be withdrawn. Rights would be alienable, only temporary. Similarly, laws are either divine or positive. All positive laws are expressions of power, while all divine laws are claims of authority. The Founders understood these things better than anyone before or since – they are the greatest political philosophers in history.

Consider slavery. Lincoln argued slavery was immoral though legal. Douglas argued it was both moral and legal. Both men accepted the divine origin of rights. But, if rights were mere positive rights, as the Left contends, then that which is legal is that which is moral. This is why to the Left, nothing is higher than the law, not even morality. Which is why there could be no leftist moral argument against slavery, they would be limited to merely a legal appeal. If so, Dred Scott would still stand. It does not because we believe the Declaration, that the moral trumps the legal, that the legal at-tempts to codify the moral. Our Founders believed this. It is the American way.

Consider an Atheist’s Declaration of Dependence:

We claim these opinions to be our relative truth, that most men are to be considered equally evolved, that they are granted certain temporary rights by government, that among them are generally life, lib-erty, and the pursuit of happiness, that to create, define, and enforce these rights, governments are insti-tuted to rule over men, deriving their powers from the ruling elites, that whenever any form of govern-ment is threatened, it is never the right of the people to alter and abolish it, for they are to never insti-tute new government. For it is the power and authority of government to create and destroy all rights, and to always determine what is in the best interests of the people. For the people are forever depend-ent upon government for all things.

The Newsweek poll is good news. It is a high, noble and an especially American thing to do to reject secularism, atheism, evolution, and other ideologies of the Left – for such thinking could never have drafted the Declaration of Inde-pendence.

Frank Pastore

The Frank Pastore Show is heard in Los Angeles weekday afternoons on 99.5 KKLA and on the web at, and is the winner of the 2006 National Religious Broadcasters Talk Show of the Year. Frank is a former major league pitcher with graduate degrees in both philosophy of religion and political philosophy.
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