WASHINGTON -- While reviewing national security documents from the Clinton administration in preparation for his appearance before the 9/11 Commission hearings, former National Security Adviser Samuel R. Berger was observed stuffing papers in his socks by employees at the National Archives. Soon he was accused of taking these documents -- memos, draft documents, e-mails, that sort of thing -- from the Archives in breech of the law, and he was duly charged. All of this took place a couple of years ago, and those of us who had followed the Clinton high jinks with more diligence than the rest of the press had a good laugh. Once again we were vindicated and the rest of the press went into another episode of disappointment. As throughout the 1990s, the best and the brightest of the Clinton saga had been caught flagrante delicto -- and let me add flagrante hilarious. Berger really did pack the documents in his socks.
Yet there was a debate among us Clinton sleuths that now has been settled. After Berger pleaded guilty, many of us accepted his explanation, namely, that he was simply too lazy to read through all the material in the uncomfortable quarters made available to him at the Archives. He wanted to read them at home in the presence of loved ones, the family cat, and with Fleetwood Mac on the sound system. He had grimmer critics with a darker reading. They believed that in the aftermath of Sept. 11, historians were going to be more exacting in their readings of the Clinton record on terror and if White House documents showed laxity, the historians would report it. Thus these Clinton sleuths argued that Berger was making off with embarrassing documents to destroy or perhaps to revise.
We moderates said nonsense. That would be a brazen breach of ethics. Moreover it would be very risky. Surely the Archives would not let Berger see original documents or documents that had not yet been catalogued. Anything he stole or disfigured would have a backup document. How naive we were. Thanks to a Congressional report released this week, we now know that Berger was allowed to look over (and quite likely filch) files of materials from the Clinton administration that had yet to be archived and were very germane to how historians will judge him and his boss.
According to the Washington Post, the congressional report "said Berger took a special interest during his early visits (to the Archives) in files from the office of former White House counterterrorism official Richard A. Clarke, which included uninventoried draft documents, memos, e-mail messages and hand-written notes." "Had Berger removed papers," the report notes, "it would be almost impossible for Archives staff to know."