That's the amount Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner says the revenue-sapped government must borrow to pay its bills, but to do so, Congress must raise the $14.3 trillion debt ceiling by the same amount. Republican House Speaker John Boehner says it's no deal unless the White House agrees to the $2 trillion in cuts, and possibly a great deal more.
To say that both sides are running out of time is putting it mildly, because the House and Senate will be on a summer break for at least three weeks over this period. Such is the lethargy of Congress in what is turning into a political game of chicken.
By far the largest hurdle in these negotiations is entitlements that represent the lion's share of the federal government's future financial liabilities. Medicare's trust fund finances are expected to begin drying up in 2024 and Social Security will be insolvent by 2036.
It will be impossible to come up with a solution to either program's financial crisis within the coming weeks. More likely, any budget deal will set broad new expenditure and revenue targets for Congress to reach based on benefits, age eligibility and other structural reforms.
To save Social Security, Congress would be wise to revisit the late Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan's plan to let younger workers invest a fraction of their payroll taxes in a broadly diversified stock and bond retirement fund they would own.
The AARP senior citizens lobby demagogued Moynihan's plan to death in 2005, charging that any long-term investment in stocks was a "risky scheme" that would kill Social Security. Soon after the plan -- championed by President George W. Bush -- was declared dead, the AARP said it was going into the mutual fund business.
Now, with Social Security facing bankruptcy, the AARP says it's willing to support needed cuts in the retirement program.
"We are open to talking about different options to strengthen Social Security for the long term," including "changes on the benefit side," David Certner, AARP's legislative director, told Bloomberg News.
For now, the economy remains weak, unemployment is stuck at more than 9 percent nationally, and that has plunged federal tax revenues, which are driving deficits up to record levels.
Halfway through the third year of his presidency, Obama is trying to shed his liberal, big-spending image with campaign gimmicks. This month he signed an executive order to create the "Campaign to Cut Government Waste." He's three years late and more than $3 trillion short.
Last week, his chief of staff, William M. Daley, met with leading manufacturing executives to talk about cutting job-killing regulations. The CEOs were not impressed.
"We think there's a thin facade by the administration to say the right things, but they don't come close to doing things," said Barney T. Bishop III, chief executive of the Associated Industries of Florida. "We love the platitudes, but we want to see action."
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