Diana West

Sometime in those roughly 12 post-election hours between John Edwards' early morning threat to open up Ohio to the lawyer-legions, and John Kerry's concession speech in the afternoon, I went back to the books, back to the 1960 election when Richard Nixon was very, very narrowly defeated by John F. Kennedy.

What a difference 44 years makes. "I eased the tension of the wait (for election returns) by driving south on the Pacific Coast Highway," Nixon wrote in his memoirs. On that Election Day road trip, this sitting vice president and Republican presidential candidate was accompanied only by two aides and a Los Angeles police driver. One aide "remarked that he had never been to Tijuana, so we continued all the way to Mexico," Nixon wrote. "We were back in Los Angeles by the time the results were coming in."

Such whimsy belongs to a pre-satellite age. But Nixon sensed a new day was dawning with "the substantial and influential power that the emergence of television as the primary news medium gave reporters, commentators, and producers." He continued: "It was largely they who decided what the public would hear and see of the campaign." And you can say that again -- at least until lately. The advent of talk radio, Fox News and the Internet has finally begun to bust up that old info-nopoly.

Nixon went on to describe a whiplashing election night, trending, but barely, toward Kennedy. Only 113,000 votes -- including thousands of demonstrably fraudulent ones -- would ultimately separate the two candidates in the popular vote. That's 22,000 votes fewer than the margin separating George W. Bush and John Kerry in Ohio alone; it's less than 5 percent of the 3.5 million votes separating President Bush and Sen. Kerry nationally. Too close to call? Not according to the media, circa 1960. As Nixon wrote, they had already predicted a substantial Kennedy victory. Which, in light of the erroneous reports of a Kerry landslide this week, reminds us that some things really never change.

Describing "tremendous pressure" to concede from reporters and pundits, Nixon made a brief statement after midnight to acknowledge the sliver of a Kennedy edge. Contrast that with the tremendous reluctance of the Kerry-cheering mainstream media even to call Ohio for President Bush, probably out of fear of validating his re-election and, quite inadvertently, forcing some sort of a midnight concession from Sen. Kerry.


Diana West

Diana West is the author of American Betrayal: The Secret Assault on Our Nation's Character (St. Martin's Press, 2013), and The Death of the Grown-Up: How America's Arrested Development Is Bringing Down Western Civilization (St. Martin's Press, 2007).