Babak Dadvand

In his first press conference after taking the presidency in August of last year, Rouhani was emphatic about the continuation of the nuclear enrichment program, and blithely dismissive of Western demands, all of which he referred to as “beyond the law, unreasonable, or expired.” It isn’t unreasonable to assume, based on Rouhani’s past comments and experience, the current negotiating party is the kind that would take advantage of a proffered compromise.

It’s also well worth noting the overall character of the regime we’re dealing with. In taking a soft approach to the nuclear issue, the Obama administration has evidently pinned much of its hope on the assumption that the Rouhani government is more moderate than its predecessors. But the Rouhani government is the same government as its predecessor. Its ultimate authority remains the Supreme Leader, not the president. And even if this was not the case, Rouhani has always been aligned with Ayatollah Khamenei, and his cabinet is filled with ideological servants of the Iranian Revolution, and participants in the various brutal repressions that have proven the mullahs’ regime to be a dangerous force in the Middle East.

Accordingly, Rouhani’s Iran has kept up support for the terrorist organization Hezbollah and for brutal dictators elsewhere in the region, chiefly Bashar al-Assad of Syria. It continues to maintain the largest number of executions per capita in the world – approximately 650 so far under Rouhani’s presidency. And it has directed violent attacks against organized opposition to the regime, not only in its own country but in partnership with the government of Iraq. Fifty-two members of the Iranian opposition group the Mujahedin-e Khalq (MEK) were killed in Camp Ashraf, Iraq last September, and several more have been killed in rocket attacks on Camp Liberty.

Those who promote a tougher approach in dealing with the threats posed by the Iranian regime seem to be cognizant of something that escapes President Obama’s attention: short term successes at the negotiating table do not necessarily signify a genuine change in Iran’s attitude towards the West, democracy or human rights. In this context, the House Foreign Affairs Committee Chair Ed Royce (R-CA) and Ranking Member Elliott Engel (D-NY) are to be commended for introducing bi-partisan legislation to hold the Iranian regime officials accountable for their egregious human rights abuses and export of terrorism to the region.

It will take a more than a nodding head and a grudging signature to prove that the nation’s requests for compromise should be taken seriously. The West has to look at the whole picture in order to understand what it is dealing with. And if it finds it is dealing with a duplicitous and intractable force, then ultimatums are a better strategy than compromises.

Babak Dadvand

Babak Dadvand is the President of the Organization of Iranian-American Communities.