One of my hobbies is to study new places by experiencing the traditions, meeting the natives, and immersing myself in the culture. Over the last two weeks I was able to tour the streets of Luxor and Alexandria in Egypt and learn all about the history of this great country. I’ve always been a curious person, but learning about our world is more than just an amusing hobby for me. It’s a way to stay informed about the world, understand the lives of my fellow brothers and sisters, and improve my knowledge of history.
The Egyptian civilization began along the banks of the River Nile circa 3200 BC and soon became one of world history’s great civilizations. The Egyptians used engineering tactics to control the flow of the Nile to ensure the best irrigation and fertilization of their land. The Nile and deserts to the east and west allowed them geographic isolation that ensured protection and abundance. Egyptians then used their great knowledge of geometry and astronomy to plan the pyramids and layout of the cities to best ensure sustainability and protection. The Great Pyramid, known as the Tomb of Pharaoh Khufu (also known as Cheops), is one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is also the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Pharos of Alexandria, a lighthouse 140 m high, was another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Besides their use of geometry and astronomy, Egyptians were adept at using science, industry and creativity to advance their civilization. They were the first people known to have separated copper from its ore, which they did about four thousand years ago. Experiments with steam power were carried out by Hiero in Egypt at least eighteen hundred years ago, and Hypatia (born around 370 AD) was the first woman to make a recorded contribution to mathematics. Egyptians had a 365 day solar calendar like our own and used water clocks and sundials to tell time. Egyptian medicine dates back four thousand years and it is believed that there were female doctors in ancient Egypt. The papyrus plant, a type of reed, was used to make paper and the ancient Egyptian cure for baldness was a mixture of crocodile, hippopotamus, lion, snake, goose and ibex fat.